resize

Resize image to width, height or width x height.

When both a width and height are provided, the possible methods by which the image should fit these are:

  • cover: Crop to cover both provided dimensions (the default).
  • contain: Embed within both provided dimensions.
  • fill: Ignore the aspect ratio of the input and stretch to both provided dimensions.
  • inside: Preserving aspect ratio, resize the image to be as large as possible while ensuring its dimensions are less than or equal to both those specified.
  • outside: Preserving aspect ratio, resize the image to be as small as possible while ensuring its dimensions are greater than or equal to both those specified. Some of these values are based on the object-fit CSS property.

When using a fit of cover or contain, the default position is centre. Other options are:

  • sharp.position: top, right top, right, right bottom, bottom, left bottom, left, left top.
  • sharp.gravity: north, northeast, east, southeast, south, southwest, west, northwest, center or centre.
  • sharp.strategy: cover only, dynamically crop using either the entropy or attention strategy. Some of these values are based on the object-position CSS property.

The experimental strategy-based approach resizes so one dimension is at its target length then repeatedly ranks edge regions, discarding the edge with the lowest score based on the selected strategy.

  • entropy: focus on the region with the highest Shannon entropy.
  • attention: focus on the region with the highest luminance frequency, colour saturation and presence of skin tones.

Possible interpolation kernels are:

Parameters

  • width Number? pixels wide the resultant image should be. Use null or undefined to auto-scale the width to match the height.
  • height Number? pixels high the resultant image should be. Use null or undefined to auto-scale the height to match the width.
  • options Object?
    • options.width String? alternative means of specifying width. If both are present this take priority.
    • options.height String? alternative means of specifying height. If both are present this take priority.
    • options.fit String how the image should be resized to fit both provided dimensions, one of cover, contain, fill, inside or outside. (optional, default 'cover')
    • options.position String position, gravity or strategy to use when fit is cover or contain. (optional, default 'centre')
    • options.background (String | Object) background colour when using a fit of contain, parsed by the color module, defaults to black without transparency. (optional, default {r:0,g:0,b:0,alpha:1})
    • options.kernel String the kernel to use for image reduction. (optional, default 'lanczos3')
    • options.withoutEnlargement Boolean do not enlarge if the width or height are already less than the specified dimensions, equivalent to GraphicsMagick's > geometry option. (optional, default false)
    • options.fastShrinkOnLoad Boolean take greater advantage of the JPEG and WebP shrink-on-load feature, which can lead to a slight moirĂ© pattern on some images. (optional, default true)

Examples

sharp(input)
  .resize({ width: 100 })
  .toBuffer()
  .then(data => {
    // 100 pixels wide, auto-scaled height
  });
sharp(input)
  .resize({ height: 100 })
  .toBuffer()
  .then(data => {
    // 100 pixels high, auto-scaled width
  });
sharp(input)
  .resize(200, 300, {
    kernel: sharp.kernel.nearest,
    fit: 'contain',
    position: 'right top',
    background: { r: 255, g: 255, b: 255, alpha: 0.5 }
  })
  .toFile('output.png')
  .then(() => {
    // output.png is a 200 pixels wide and 300 pixels high image
    // containing a nearest-neighbour scaled version
    // contained within the north-east corner of a semi-transparent white canvas
  });
const transformer = sharp()
  .resize({
    width: 200,
    height: 200,
    fit: sharp.fit.cover,
    position: sharp.strategy.entropy
  });
// Read image data from readableStream
// Write 200px square auto-cropped image data to writableStream
readableStream
  .pipe(transformer)
  .pipe(writableStream);
sharp(input)
  .resize(200, 200, {
    fit: sharp.fit.inside,
    withoutEnlargement: true
  })
  .toFormat('jpeg')
  .toBuffer()
  .then(function(outputBuffer) {
    // outputBuffer contains JPEG image data
    // no wider and no higher than 200 pixels
    // and no larger than the input image
  });
  • Throws Error Invalid parameters

Returns Sharp

extend

Extends/pads the edges of the image with the provided background colour. This operation will always occur after resizing and extraction, if any.

Parameters

  • extend (Number | Object) single pixel count to add to all edges or an Object with per-edge counts
    • extend.top Number?
    • extend.left Number?
    • extend.bottom Number?
    • extend.right Number?
    • extend.background (String | Object) background colour, parsed by the color module, defaults to black without transparency. (optional, default {r:0,g:0,b:0,alpha:1})

Examples

// Resize to 140 pixels wide, then add 10 transparent pixels
// to the top, left and right edges and 20 to the bottom edge
sharp(input)
  .resize(140)
  .extend({
    top: 10,
    bottom: 20,
    left: 10,
    right: 10
    background: { r: 0, g: 0, b: 0, alpha: 0 }
  })
  ...
  • Throws Error Invalid parameters

Returns Sharp

extract

Extract a region of the image.

  • Use extract before resize for pre-resize extraction.
  • Use extract after resize for post-resize extraction.
  • Use extract before and after for both.

Parameters

  • options Object
    • options.left Number zero-indexed offset from left edge
    • options.top Number zero-indexed offset from top edge
    • options.width Number dimension of extracted image
    • options.height Number dimension of extracted image

Examples

sharp(input)
  .extract({ left: left, top: top, width: width, height: height })
  .toFile(output, function(err) {
    // Extract a region of the input image, saving in the same format.
  });
sharp(input)
  .extract({ left: leftOffsetPre, top: topOffsetPre, width: widthPre, height: heightPre })
  .resize(width, height)
  .extract({ left: leftOffsetPost, top: topOffsetPost, width: widthPost, height: heightPost })
  .toFile(output, function(err) {
    // Extract a region, resize, then extract from the resized image
  });
  • Throws Error Invalid parameters

Returns Sharp

trim

Trim "boring" pixels from all edges that contain values similar to the top-left pixel. The info response Object will contain trimOffsetLeft and trimOffsetTop properties.

Parameters

  • threshold Number the allowed difference from the top-left pixel, a number greater than zero. (optional, default 10)

  • Throws Error Invalid parameters

Returns Sharp